Learn About Norwegian Adjectives Part 1 – Hankjønn

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As you already must know, an adjective tells something more about a noun or a pronoun. Adjectives as known as adjektiv in Norwegian.

Enough of the boring stuff. Here are some examples to get your feet wet. The first is an example of using an adjective with a noun. The second is an example of using an adjective with a pronoun.

Norwegian English
En sint mann
An angry man
Den er gammel
It is old

Now comes the tricky part about them. Do you remember the post, Learn about nouns in Norwegian? There is a reason why I keep stressing on the importance of learning the gender of the nouns. It’s because the grammar is a bit different based on the gender. Confused? Don’t be because it’s simple though you need to spend some time learning it.

It’s better to take it nice and slow. So we will start looking at how the Norwegian adjectives are used with the hankjønn nouns.

An example:

Ubestemt Entall (Indefinite Singular)

Norwegian English
En fin bil
A nice car

This is easy to understand as it is very similar to English.

 

Bestemt Entall (Definite Singular)

Norwegian English
Den
 fine bilen
The nice car

As you may have noticed, the bestemt entall form is a bit different when nouns are combined with adjectives.

Two rules can be learnt from this:

1. For the hankjønn nouns, we add a Den before the adjective and an en attached after the noun (learn more here).

Den fine bilen.

2. Marked in yellow, notice that we add an e to the adjective.

Den fine bilen.

 

Ubestemt Flertall (Indefinite Plural)

Norwegian English
mange fine biler
Many nice cars

This follows the similar rule to the bestemt entall form where an e is attached to the adjective.

 

Bestemt Flertall (Definite Plural)

Norwegian English
de fine bilene
The nice cars

This is also a bit similar to the bestemt entall form where:

1. For the hankjønn nouns, we add a De before the adjective and an ene attached after the noun (learn more here).

De fine bilene.

2. Marked in yellow, notice that we add an to the adjective.

De fine bilene.

 

Here are a few more adjectives along with a hankjønn noun to get you more comfortable. The English definition of the adjective is in the brackets.

Entall (Singular) Flertall (Plural) 
Ubestemt (Indefinite) Bestemt (Definite) Ubestemt (Indefinite) Bestemt (Definite)
en fin(nice) bil
den fine bilen
mange fine biler
de fine bilene
en ny(new) bil
den nye bilen
mange nye biler
de nye bilene
en gammel(old) bil
den gamle bilen
mange gamle biler
de gamle bilene
en rød(red) bil
den røde bilen
mange røde biler
de røde bilene
en hvit(white) bil
den hvite bilen
mange hvite biler
de hvite bilene
en dyr(expensive) bil
den dyre bilen
mange dyre biler
de dyre bilene
en billig(cheap) bil
den billige bilen
mange billige biler
de billige bilene
en moderne(modern) bil
den moderne bilen
mange moderne biler
de moderne bilene
en norsk(Norwegian) bil
den norske bilen
mange norske biler
de norske bilene
en stor(big) bil
den store bilen
mange store biler
de store bilene
en liten(small) bil
den lille bilen
mange små biler
de små bilene

Notice the last entry in the table of adjectives above. liten is a special adjective that changes form a bit differently than the rest of the adjectives as seen.

Entall (Singular) Flertall (Plural) 
Ubestemt (Indefinite) Bestemt (Definite) Ubestemt (Indefinite) Bestemt (Definite)
en liten(small) bil
den lille bilen
mange små biler
de små bilene

Hope this post was able to get you started to learn the Norwegian adjectives. Subscribe to this blog and you will keep getting more useful lessons.

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13 thoughts on “Learn About Norwegian Adjectives Part 1 – Hankjønn

  1. Really nicely explained adjectivial uses with nouns and pronouns as well.
    Thanks a lot.

    My concept is quite clear after going through this one.

    Thanks,

    Dinkar.

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