A verb tells something about what is happening or the action taken. Associated with a verb is the tense of the verb. Norwegian verbs can use one of four tenses: presens, preteritum, futurum and perfektum.
Let us continue learning about the tenses of Norwegian verbs continuing with the past tense.
Preteritum (Past Tense)
A Norwegian verb in the preteritum indicates something that has already happened.
Note that the preteritum form is created by adding a te to the infinitiv as below. Also note that it is necessary to specify the time when using preteritum (e.g. yesterday, one week ago, etc).
|å lese||leste||Han leste i går.||He read yesterday.|
|å reise||reiste||Hun reiste i går.||She traveled yesterday.|
|å kjøpe||kjøpte||Jeg kjøpte is i går.||I bought ice cream yesterday.|
|å lage||laget||Han laget middag i går også.||He made dinner yesterday also.|
|å sparke||sparket||De sparket fotball i går også.||They kicked football yesterday also.|
|å gjøre||gjorde||Hun gjorde leksene sine før hun gikk.||She did her lessons before she went.|
|å gå||gikk||Vi gikk på ski før en uke siden.||We went to ski a week ago.|
As you can see above, there are a few exceptions to the “rule” of adding te to the infinitiv. We will learn more about them in future posts.