A verb tells something about what is happening or the action taken. Associated with a verb is the tense of the verb. Norwegian verbs can use one of four tenses: presens, preteritum, futurum and perfektum.
If you are new to Norwegian verbs, please read:
Let us continue learning about the tenses of Norwegian verbs continuing with the futurum and perfektum.
Futurum (Future Tense)
A Norwegian verb in the futurum indicates something that will happen in the future.
Note that the futurum form is created by adding a skal before the infinitiv as below.
|å lese||skal lese||Han skal lese i morgen.||He shall read tomorrow.|
|å reise||skal reise||Hun skal reise om en time.||She shall travel in an hour.|
|å kjøpe||skal kjøpe||Jeg skal kjøpe is.||I shall buy icecream.|
|å lage||skal lage||Han skal lage middag.||He shall prepare dinner.|
|å sparke||skal sparke||De skal sparke fotball.||They shall kick football.|
|å gjøre||skal gjøre||Hun skal gjøre leksene sine.||She shall do her lessons.|
|å gå||skal gå||Vi skal gå på ski.||We shall go for skiing.|
Perfektum (Past Tense)
A Norwegian verb in the perfektum indicates something that has happened in the past. But it is different from the preteritum that also indicates past tense. It is different because we use perfektum when we don’t tell when the action occurred.
Note that the perfektum form is created by adding a har before the infinitiv and a t at the end as below.
|å lese||har lest||Han har lest.||He has read.|
|å reise||har reist||Hun har reist.||She has travelled.|
|å kjøpe||har kjøpt||Jeg har kjøpt is.||I have bought.|
|å lage||har laget||Han har laget middag.||He has prepared dinner.|
|å sparke||har sparket||De har sparket fotball.||They have kicked football.|
|å gjøre||har gjort||Hun har gjort leksene sine.||She has done her lessons.|
|å gå||har gått||Vi har gått på ski.||We have gone for skiing.|
Here are some videos to learn about verbs. More video lessons and practice tests can be found at Norwegian Class 101.