Learn About Verbs In Norwegian Part 3

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A verb tells something about what is happening or the action taken. Associated with a verb is the tense of the verb. Norwegian verbs can use one of four tenses: presens, preteritum, futurum and perfektum.

If you are new to Norwegian verbs, please read:

  1. Learn About Verbs in Norwegian Part 1
  2. Learn About Verbs in Norwegian Part 2

Let us continue learning about the tenses of Norwegian verbs continuing with the futurum and perfektum.

Futurum (Future Tense)

A Norwegian verb in the futurum indicates something that will happen in the future.

Note that the futurum form is created by adding a skal before the infinitiv as below.

Infinitiv Futurum Example English
 å lese
 skal
lese
 Han skal lese i morgen.
He shall read tomorrow.
 å reise
 skal reise
 Hun skal reise om en time.
She shall travel in an hour.
 å kjøpe
 skal kjøpe
 Jeg skal kjøpe is.
I shall buy icecream.
 å lage
 skal lage
 Han skal lage middag.
He shall prepare dinner.
 å sparke
 skal sparke
 De skal sparke fotball.
They shall kick football.
 å gjøre
 skal gjøre
 Hun skal gjøre leksene sine.
She shall do her lessons.
 å gå
 skal gå
 Vi skal gå på ski.
We shall go for skiing.

 

Perfektum (Past Tense)

A Norwegian verb in the perfektum indicates something that has happened in the past. But it is different from the preteritum that also indicates past tense. It is different because we use perfektum when we don’t tell when the action occurred.  

Note that the perfektum form is created by adding a har before the infinitiv and a t at the end as below.

Infinitiv Perfektum Example English
 å lese
 har
 lest
 Han har lest.
He has read.
 å reise
 har reist
 Hun har reist.
She has travelled.
 å kjøpe
 har kjøpt
 Jeg har kjøpt is.
I have bought.
 å lage
 har laget
 Han har laget middag.
He has prepared dinner.
 å sparke
 har sparket
 De har sparket fotball.
They have kicked football.
 å gjøre
 har gjort
 Hun har gjort leksene sine.
She has done her lessons.
 å gå
 har gått
 Vi har gått på ski.
We have gone for skiing.

 

Here are some videos to learn about verbs. More video lessons and practice tests can be found at Norwegian Class 101.

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9 thoughts on “Learn About Verbs In Norwegian Part 3

  1. Han skal lese i morgen ==> tomorrow, not “He shall read in the morning.” Of course they are etymologically related, but many non-Norwegian confuse these terms.
    Om morgenen — in the morning, or idag tidlig == this morning; i morgen tidlig == tomorrow morning

  2. “Note that the futurum form is created by adding a har before the infinitiv and a t at the end as below.” isn’t it supposed to be ‘perfektum’ instead of ‘futurum’?

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