Learn Using Norwegian Adjectives for Comparison

If you don’t know what are the Norwegian adjectives and how to use them, please read the previous posts:

  1. Learn About Norwegian Adjectives Part 1 – Hankjønn
  2. Learn About Norwegian Adjectives Part 2 – Hunkjønn
  3. Learn About Norwegian Adjectives Part 3 – Intetkjønn
Now that we know about the Norwegian adjectives, we can learn how to use them to compare the quality of nouns. See the example below:
Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
fin

Bilen min er fin.

My car is nice.

finere

Bilen min er finere enn din.

My car is nicer than yours.

finest

Bilen min er finest.

My car is the nicest.

You can see the comparative adjectives marked in bold in the above example. Check the English translations so you can understand how they are used in the sentences.

Here are some more examples:
Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
Bilen min er ny.

My car is new.

Bilen min er nyere enn din.

My car is newer than yours.

Bilen min er nyest.

My car is the newest.

Bilen min er rød.

My car is red.

Bilen min er rødere enn din.

My car is redder than yours.

Bilen min er rødest.

My car is the reddest.

Bilen min er hvit.

My car is white.

Bilen min er hvitere enn din.

My car is whiter than yours.

Bilen min er hvitest.

My car is the whitest.

Bilen min er billig.

My car is cheap.

Bilen min er billigere enn din.

My car is cheaper than yours.

Bilen min er billigst.

My car is the cheapest.

Bilen min er moderne.

My car is modern.

Bilen min er mer moderne enn din.

My car is more modern than yours.

Bilen min er den mest moderne.

My car is the most modern.

 

Note that the superlativ form can change a bit based on comparisons as shown below.

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
Bilen min er ny.

My car is new.

Bilen min er nyere enn din.

My car is newer than yours.

Bilen min er nyeste i hele byen.

My car is the newest in the whole town.

As you can see above, an may be added to the adjective in the superlativ form.

 

Here are some rules you can follow when using adjectives for comparison.

1. Most of the adjectives are used for comparison as shown below.

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
fin(nice)
finere(nicer)
finest(nicest)
ny(new)
nyere(newer)
nyest(newest)
rød(red)
rødere(redder)
rødest(reddest)
hvit(white)
hvitere(whiter)
hvitest(whitest)
dyr(dear)
dyrere(dearer)
dyrest(dearest)
snill(kind)
snillere(kinder)
snillest(kindest)
rik(rich)
rikere(richer)
rikest(richest)
pen(pretty)
penere(prettier)
penest(prettiest)

 

2. Adjectives ending in ig do not use an e in the superlativ as shown below.

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
billig(cheap)
billigere(cheaper)
billigst(cheapest)
hyggelig(nice)
hyggeligere(nicer)
hyggeligst(nicest)
koselig(cozy)
koseligere(cozier)
koseligst(coziest)

 

3. Some adjectives change vowels in the komparativ and superlativ forms as shown below.

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
få(few)
færre(fewer)
færrest(fewest)
lang(long)
lengre(longer)
lengst(longest)
stor(big)
større(bigger)
størst(biggest)
tung(heavy)
tyngre(heavier)
tyngst(heaviest)
ung(young)
yngre(younger)
yngst(youngest)

 

4. Some adjectives change completely between the comparative forms as shown below.

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
gammel(old)
eldre(older)
eldst(oldest)
god(god)
bedre(better)
best(best)
vond(bad)
verre(worse)
verst(worst)
liten/lita/lite/små(small)
mindre(smaller)
minst(smallest)
mange(many)
flere(several)
flest(most)
mye(much)
mer(more)
mest(most)
nær(near)
nærmere(nearer)
nærmest(nearest)

 

5. Some adjectives are too large to add any endings. So they are used with mer or mest as shown below.

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
moderne(modern)
mer moderne
mest moderne
gammeldags(old fashioned)
mer gammeldags
mest gammeldags
tungvint(cumbersome)
mer tungvint
mest tungvint
lettvint(easy)
mer lettvint
mest lettvint
rotete(messy)
mer rotete
mest rotete